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Neuroscience and Art 2

created Apr 12th 2019, 20:18 by Ramsay Smith



257 words
21 completed
Works of art have existed for thousands of years, and can be observed among the earliest evidence of primordial homosapiens, well before any understandings of neuroscience or cognition arose. Because of this, historically speaking, artists have been regarded as the prime investigators of visual perception. The introduction of neuroscience and cognitive psychology prompted for a more physical, scientific understanding of visual perception and the aesthetic experience. The visual system is the most studied perceptual system, being as humans are predominately visual creatures. Specifically, studying works of art, the creative process, the neural mechanisms of creativity, and artistic interpretations by viewers has led to a greater, more integrated understanding of the neural and psychological processes involved in art interpretation. This includes recognizing what is and is not art, an appreciation for art, and the overall cognitive and emotional responses to aesthetic experiences. This has led to a newly developed field of neuroscience called "neuroaesthetics" and is concerned with elucidating the neural basis of cognitive and affective processes engaged when an individual takes an aesthetic or artistic approach towards a work of art, a non-artistic object, or a natural phenomenon. Although true these are seemingly human-specific experiences, and therefore explicable through neural and biochemical operations in humans, understanding the neural mechanisms that give rise to our conscious experiences of art, poetry, wonder, beauty, and awe do not by any means diminish the phenomenology. Rather, this approach may ramify it, strengthen it, explain it, and ultimately advance our minds - a positive feedback to appreciation, motivation, and love of the arts.  

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