Plato also rejected Thrasimecuss transformational conceptions of justice according to which justice always favors the powerful. He even agreed with Thracimacus that since the ruler knows the art of governance he gets all the power, but he did not agree that the ruler ruled for his own benefit. Plato argued through Socrates that the shoe-maker does not wear all the shoes he made, the farmer does not eat all the crops he produces, similarly the ruler does not make all the rules that only benefit him.
The originator of this theory is Gloucon. According to him, the condition of weak people in the natural state was very pathetic. He had to suffer many kinds of suffering. So they made an agreement to end this situation. This agreement was done with the aim that we will neither persecute nor allow atrocities. Thus the weak developed justice for their own good.
Plato also disagrees with this theory. They believe that mind is not an external element of man but an internal element. Therefore, man follows the rules of the state not out of fear of the state but naturally because he considers it his duty to follow the rules of the state.
Plato considers justice to be an essential quality of the human soul and to show equality between man and the state, it proves that the state is the larger form of the individual. Hence the qualities of the state and the qualities of a person are the same. There are three main qualities of a person, trishna appetite spirituality and reason. Similarly the state also has three classes the productive class representing Trishna, the military class representing Shaurya and the patron or ruling class representing Vivek. Therefore, just as the proper coordination of trishna, valor and conscience creates justice in a person similarly the proper coordination between the productive class, the military class and the ruling class in the state creates a state of justice.
Each person has three natural qualities - Vivek or Jnana, Courage or Shaurya and Trishna or Aap. The state also, which is a great form of a person, reflects these qualities. The knowledgeable ruling class, the valiant military class and the Trinitarian class make up the productive class. Beautiful coordination among these three classes creates justice and gives ideal form to the state. When these three classes in the society do their own work according to their natural quality and do not interfere in the work of other people, then they not only achieve efficiency but a harmonious and united They also build the state.
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