Each State has its own judiciary which administers both union and State laws. It is set in hierarchical pattern. At the apex of the State judiciary is the High Court, which is the highest court of appeal and revision in the State for civil and criminal matters, including the wide powers, both administrative and judicial, over the subordinate judiciary. The present Constitution of India makes a number of provisions concerning the High Courts though it is not the place to expound the full ramifications of these provisions as the matter falls more appropriately within the realm of Constitution law, yet a general picture of the High Court as it emerges there under may be painted here.
The Constitution recognized all the existing High Courts. It provided a High Court for each State. The Parliament is empowered to establish a common High Court for two or more States or Union territories. The High Court is a court of record and as such can punish for its contempt. It is not subject to the superintendence of any Court or authority, though appeals from its decisions may lie to the Supreme Court. It consists of a Chief Justice and as many Judges as the President of India may sanction. At Present sanctioned strength of Hon'ble Judges of Allahabad High Court is 95.
The Chief Justice is Incharge of the administrative work of the Court and distributes judicial work among his companion Judges. He is also consulted in the appointment of judges in his own court. But while sitting in court, his judicial status is no higher than that of any other Judge and his decision can be reversed by any two judges in Special Appeal, and if sitting on a bench of three judges, he can be over-ruled by his colleagues. He has no administrative control over any judge and his status may be described as primus inter pares first among equals.
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